Diseases in the gums, what are they?

Diseases in the gums, what are they?

Child Care Dentistry

Bleeding and inflammation in the gums is a problem that many patients have ever encountered. Brushing your teeth and bleeding gums is something that can happen often during oral cleansing. It is usually associated with sensitivity in the gums or aging, but it is important to know its causes to prevent diseases in the gums.

Three out of four people can suffer this type of disease, which is caused by an accumulation of bacterial plaque in the mouth, also known as an oral biofilm. This phenomenon alters the balance of bacteria in the gums and can cause different complications in teeth and dental implants.

According to the Spanish Society of Periodontics and Osseointegration, the most common gum diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis or pyorrhea, which develop on the gums. However, the bacterial plaque also accumulates in dental implants and can generate other diseases in the gums, such as peri-implant mucositis or peri-implantitis.

Gingivitis is a mild disease that manifests with inflammation and redness of the gums so that they bleed more easily. It is a mild illness that can usually be treated with a professional cleaning. The professionals of PropDental recommend a daily cleaning to avoid this disease that does not cause a loss of teeth or tissue.

Periodontitis or pyorrhea is the evolution of a badly treated gingivitis. Thus, it is a more serious and irreversible disease in which inflammation of the gum extends to other deeper areas of the tooth. In this way, infected bags are formed between the gums and the teeth, with the bacterial plaque that can extend and grow below the gums.

The natural response of our body is to fight against the advance of these bacteria, but it can reach the destruction of the bone and connective tissue, which keeps the teeth fixed in place.

These diseases in the gums usually occur in patients between 30 and 50 years of age. However, it is very important at all times a good cleaning and timely detection of symptoms for treatment and prevention.

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Gingivitis and periodontitis: causes

Gingivitis and periodontitis are produced by the accumulation of oral biofilm in the mouth, but there are other factors that may favor the appearance of these diseases in the gums.

In the case of gingivitis, the accumulation of bacterial plaque is usually caused by insufficient oral hygiene, although it can also be due to poor positioning of the teeth, as well as orthodontic and prosthetic devices, both fixed and removable.

Gingivitis is also related to the endocrine system, with stages such as puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy or uncontrolled diabetes. It can also cause gingivitis drug use and poor nutrition by the patient.

In the case of periodontitis, there are other factors that can favor it, such as smoking or stress, both physical and emotional, as well as chronic diseases, acute infections and hormonal changes.

All these factors are causes of risk that can favor the appearance of the main diseases in the gums. Its diagnosis is based on observation: the expert observes redness, inflammation and bleeding of the gum if it is gingivitis. If in addition to these symptoms there is also mobility in the teeth or recessions in the gum, it is likely to be periodontitis.

However, there are other symptoms that are related to these diseases. The most common is halitosis or constant bad breath continued pain when chewing, mobility in the teeth or more sensitivity than normal, loose teeth, retracted gums or teeth that look a little longer than usual.

In the mouth, there are bacteria and mucus that constantly form plaque, which without a proper cleaning routine can lead to gingivitis and periodontitis. Both diseases can be avoided by reducing oral biofilm in our mouth. Thus, a regular and daily removal of the plaque will be key to a healthy maintenance of the gums.

For this, it is advisable to complement the daily brushing and the usual use of dental floss with antiseptic, such as Chlorhexidine, which acts as an antiplaque agent. There is a great variety of mouthwashes and, depending on their formulation, they will have different degrees of effectiveness. The best option is to choose a mouthwash that fits your own oral situation.

However, if you notice a sudden change in the gums such as redness, do not hesitate to see your dentist in Dubai. This one will be able to determine the diagnosis and the suitable treatment to recover the health in the gums, as well as to prevent this type of diseases in the future.

How can we identify it:

  • Bad breath persistently and persistently
  • Sensation of  dental mobility
  • Inflammation and bleeding of the gums
  • Retraction of the gums
  • Feeling that we have longer teeth (due to loss of gum)

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